Strengthening Community Fisheries in Kavango-Zambezi Conservation Area


To strengthen Community Fisheries in Kavango-Zambezi Conservation Area, the ECOFISH-NNF project reported the following outputs to date:

  • Standardized procedures for the establishment phase in place, compliance standards for management of reserves initiated (conservation model)
  • Lined up about 70 km river stretch on the Okavango, 60 km on the Liyanti, (conservation model) 10 on the Kwando and 5 on the Zambezi to be gazetted as fisheries reserves
  • Included cultural and nutritional aspects in all new management plans
  • Published a paper on community fisheries, highlighting socio-ecological factors
  • Initiated and institutionalized transboundary collaboration with Angola and Zambia


  • Enhanced Community Governance

  • Creation of a network of community fish reserves
  • Increased awareness of nutritional aspects, local recreation and cultural aspects of fish
  • Strengthening of research, monitoring and adaptive management of fisheries resources.
  • Enhanced transboundary collaboration on the objectives


  • 1.1. Develop a process for the establishment officially recognised community fisheries structures for all KAZA countries, based on Namibia’s example and of Fisheries Reserves elaborated for all KAZA countries, using those for Namibia as a basis.
  • 1.2. Continue develop the Toolbox for Establishing Fisheries Reserves
  • 1.3. Develop Community Fisheries Standard Operating Procedures based on the toolbox to assist with compliance
  • 1.4. Support community level actions to develop committees, including consultations, participatory constitution development and management planning.
  • 1.5. Provide technical and practical support to balanced joint venture partnerships with private companies (e.g. lodges)
  • 2.1. Develop knowledge materials appropriate to each KAZA Country.
  • 2.2. Establish community fisheries reserves, following the milestones and the toolbox, including demarcation, management planning and supporting the formal gazetting process.
  • 2.3. Develop fisheries management plans for fisheries areas (network creation)
  • 3.1. Undertake an economic valuations and documentation of the social and cultural value of fish to the region.
  • 3.2. Provide targeted support to regional (KAZA) community participation in the Zambezi Bream festival.
  • 3.3. Develop specific concepts in the festival that strengthen the social and cultural value of fish to the people of KAZA (e.g. fishing competition using traditional gear).
  • 3.4. Develop a recipe book with tales based on traditional cooking methods
  • 4.1. Convene workshops and technical support to develop protocols for joint research and monitoring.
  • 4.2. Provide support to facilitate joint research and monitoring events.
  • 4.3. Develop standardised community fisheries monitoring protocols and actions across KAZA.
  • 4.4. Provide training and technical support for community fisheries monitoring actions and analysis and iteration of results for communities.
  • 4.5. Derive recommendation for adaptive management based on research results.
  • 5.1. Initiate and support the running of at least two meetings per year of the KAZA Fisheries Sub-working group under the guidance of the KAZA Secretariat.
  • 5.2. Provide practical and logistical support (through IRDNC) for the integration of fisheries issues into existing community trans-boundary fora.
  • 5.3. Convene meetings, workshops and training (both community-based and government level) to establish grounds for effective transboundary enforcement actions.
  • 5.4. Provide practical and logistical support for joint fisheries enforcement and patrol actions on the Zambezi.