Strengthening maritime security in the Western Indian Ocean
Maritime security and the Blue Economy are intimately linked: secure oceans are a precondition for the development of the Blue Economy, and a stronger Blue Economy can play a role in alleviating some of the root causes of maritime crime. A regional maritime security architecture is the most effective framework to identify the problems that affect the region, to improve cooperation and coordination in the resolution of these problems, and to deliver maritime security and safety in the Western Indian Ocean.
Case study: Illegal fishing on Lake Victoria
Lake Victoria is an important source of freshwater fish, contributing significantly to the economies of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and the livelihoods and nutrition of three million people. The Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO) was formed in 1994, but illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing continues to have a severe impact on Nile perch reducing its biomass from 2.3 million tonnes in 1999 to less than 300 000 tonnes in 2008.
Africa’s Blue Economy: A policy handbook
Africa’s “Blue world” is made of vast lakes and rivers and an extensive ocean resource base. The Blue Economy can play a major role in Africa’s structural transformation, sustainable economic progress, and social development. The largest sectors of the current African aquatic and ocean based economy are fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, transport, ports, coastal mining, and energy. This Policy Handbook, offers a step by step guide to help African member States to better mainstream the Blue Economy into their national development plans, strategies, policies and laws.